The Iguassu Falls: The largest waterfalls system in the world with wonderful natures wonders
The Iguassu Falls (or Iguazu in Spanish), has been listed as a UNESCO world heritage site since 1984, and is considered one of the most beautiful water falls in the world. It is among the must-see holiday destinations when visiting Brazil!
Iguassu means « big waters » in the Guarani Indian language, the main indigenous group in this region. The falls are in fact a group of 275 cascades spread out over 2700 meters. They are located in the heart of a protected tropical forest, along the river that acts as the border between Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay further to the north. They are easily visited from both the Argentine side (Iguazu) or the Brazilian side (Iguaçu) and the visits are very different, thanks to lots of walkways and bridges garanteeing access for everyone right up to the falls. The very pleasant town of Foz d’Iguaçu is only a few miles away and is very cosmopolitan with lots of shops.
Discover our tours that take you to the Iguassu Falls
Chance to see the most exceptional natural site in Parana
Due to its impressive size, this majestic group of waterfalls will give you a wonderful opportunity to admire this spectacle of the titanic forces of nature. The adaptability of the plants that abound in these surroundings is amazing. You will discover the unique ecosystem that flourishes under the constantly falling water, punctuating the cascades with small oases of greenery. And ones admiration is combined with astonishment at the spectacle of roaring water. You will come away with the feeling of having seen something exceptional. A permanent memory for sure!
Straddling the border between Argentina and Brazil, the falls offer very different views of this natural amphitheatre depending on whether they are admired from the Argentine side or from the Brazilian side.This is why we offer you package tours allowing you to enjoy this wonder of nature from both sides, for the best overall impression.
Explore A region full of attractions for tourists:Iguacu
Although the main attraction is obviously the Water Falls, seen from both sides, there are other tourist attractions around Iguacu. If you choose to spend more time here we have selected three extra options you can add to visiting the Falls.
For adventure fans looking for thrills or simply another viewpoint of these amazing water falls you can opt for the Macuco Safari Boat trip. This will take you right up to the foot of the cascades. You will be amazed by the view and the sound of these falls which will add another dimension to this amazing force of nature.
If you are interested in ornithology or by nature in general, and you also like photography, you can visit the Parque das Aves, or bird sanctuary. It is the largest in Latin America, with 16.5 hectares set aside for over 1000 birds, and a unique way to discover some of the extraordinary treasures of Brazilian fauna.
Several large aviaries allow you to wander through and mingle with the Aras, Toucans and other parrots. You can see some rare birds such as the Harpie, the most powerful bird of prey in the world or the formidable Casuar. There are about 150 species in a beautiful tropical setting; it’s definitely a place to visit.
Finally, you can visit the famous Itaipu Dam. The second largest hydroelectric dam in the world after the Three Valleys site in China. It spreads out over 7km and is almost 200m high. It was built at the end of the 1970’s during the dictatorship with the aim of meeting the needs of 90% of the Paraguyan population and 20% for Brazil. Few people are aware of this but, the Severn Falls cascade, which was the largest in the world in terms of volume at the time, was flooded by the reservoir created for this dam.
One Night package:Iguacu
If you don’t have much time or you don’t want to spend too much time in Iguacu, we have created a 1 night package.
You can concentrate on the essential and visit the falls from the Argentine side and the Brazilian side in one day. It’s our package stop over in Iguaçu.
Stay in Iguacu
If you prefer to take more time and enjoy other activities while staying in the Iguaçu region, our second option is the one for you. You can, for example, go on the Macuco safari, which takes you as close as possible to the waterfalls on board powerful motor boats. Or visit the ornithological park to discover the treasures of the local birds. In 2 or 3 nights you can enjoy our package Stay in Iguacu.
More information about the Iguassu Falls
The Iguassu Falls, also called Iguazu on the Argentine side, are a true natural wonder. Over almost three kilometers, they spread out majestically in a succession of magnificent cascades dotted here and there with little green islands that add their charm to this beautiful landscape.
There are 19 main falls, with five spread over 800m on the Brazilian side and 14 over 1900m on the Argentine side. The Iguacu cataracts can reach a staggering 1 756 000 liters per second in volume of water, the equivalent of an Olympic pool every two seconds! The height of the falls varies from 40 to 80 meters. The most famous and highest cascade is the Garganta do Diabo (Devil’s throat) which is 700m high.
These cascades are part of the Iguacu natural park created in 1934 at the initiative of the airplane inventor Santos Dumont. The park is listed as a Natural heritage site by UNESCO and as a reserve of Mata Atlantica, the Tropical Atlantic Forest. The natural park is therefore exceptionally well preserved, providing a perfect landscape for the falls which justifies, without doubt, a stay in this natural wonder.
Iguazu, Iguaçu or Iguassu ?
An orthographic anecdote : should we say the Iguazu Falls or the Iguassu Falls ? In searching the web you will certainly have seen both spellings and you may wonder if it is just a typo or whether it is founded !
The answer is simple : it’s the language ! The Brazilian’s talk about the Iguaçu Falls with a ç as written in Portuguese and the english speaking people usually write it Iguassu whereas the Argentinians, use Iguazu with a z as it is a Hispanic country !
Now you can see why, on the Travel Brazil website, we use Iguassu instead of Iguazu but they are the same water falls whether it’s the Argentine side or the Brazilian side. This place is simply magnificent and is a must see stage of any South American vacation !