The Iguassu Falls (or Iguazu in Spanish), has been listed as a UNESCO world heritage site since 1984, and is considered one of the most beautiful water falls in the world. It is among the must-see holiday destinations when visiting Brazil!
Iguassu means “big waters” in the Guarani Indian language, spoken by the main indigenous group in this region. The falls are in fact a group of 275 cascades spread out over 2700 meters. They are located in the heart of a protected tropical forest, along the river that acts as the border between Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay further to the north. They are easily visited from both the Argentinian side (Iguazu) or the Brazilian side (Iguaçu) which offer very different views. A system of walkways and bridges exists to guarantee access right up to the falls for everyone. The very pleasant town of Foz d’Iguaçu is only a few miles away and is very cosmopolitan with lot’s of shops and other attractions.
Our other tours that include visits to Iguassu Falls
Visit an extraordinary wonder of nature, the Iguassu Falls.
See the most phenomenal natural site in Paraná
Due to its impressive size, this majestic group of waterfalls is a wonderful opportunity to admire the titanic forces of nature. Also remarkable, is the adaptability of the plants that survive in the shadow of the enormous waterfalls.
You will uncover a unique ecosystem that flourishes under the constantly falling water, punctuating the cascades with small oases of greenery. The environment here leaves you with permanent and special memories of a wonderful experience.
Straddling the border between Argentina and Brazil, the falls offer very different views from the Argentinian side and from the Brazilian side. Our tours allow you to enjoy this wonder of nature from both sides, for the best overall impression.
Tourist attractions in the surrounding region of Iguassu
Although the main attraction is obviously the waterfalls, seen from both sides, there are other tourist attractions around Iguassu. If you choose to spend some time here, we have selected three extra options you can add to visiting the falls.
For thrill seekers, or those simply searching for another viewpoint of these amazing falls you can opt for the Macuco Safari Boat trip. This will take you right up to the foot of the cascades. You will be amazed by the view and realize how noisy the falls are, which adds yet another dimension to your experience.
If you are interested in bird – watching, nature or photography, we recommend that you visit the Parque das Aves bird sanctuary. It is the largest in Latin America, with 16.5 hectares set aside for over 1000 birds, a unique way to discover some of the extraordinary treasures of Brazilian fauna.
Several large aviaries allow you to wander through and mingle with the Aras, Toucans and other parrots. You can see some rare birds such as the Harpy Eagle, the most powerful bird of prey in the world or the formidable Cassowary. There are about 150 species in a beautiful tropical setting; it is a fantastic day out.
Finally, you can visit the famous Itaipu Dam. The second largest hydroelectric dam in the world after the Three Valleys site in China. It spreads out over 7km and is almost 200m high. It was built at the end of the 1970’s during the dictatorship, with the aim of serving 90% of the Paraguyan population and 20% for Brazil. Guaíra falls, which were the largest in the world in terms of volume at the time, were unfortunately flooded, to create the reservoir.
Visit Iguassu (1 Night)
For those who don’t have much time or who simply want to see the falls in one day.
Concentrate only on the essentials and visit the falls from both sides in one day. Our package stop over in Iguassu.
Stay in Iguacu (2 or 3 Nights)
If you prefer to take your time and want to enjoy other activities while staying in the Iguaçu region, our second option is the one for you.
You can, for example, go on the Macuco safari, which takes you as close as possible to the waterfalls on board powerful motor boats. Or visit the birdpark to see the rare local birds. In 2 or 3 nights you can enjoy our package Stay in Iguacu.
More information on the Iguassu Falls
The Iguassu Falls, also known as “Iguazu” on the Argentinian side, are a true natural wonder.
Spanning almost three kilometers, they spread out majestically in a succession of magnificent cascades dotted with little green islands, that add a dose of charm to this beautiful landscape.
There are 19 main falls, with five spread over 800m on the Brazilian side and 14 over 1900m on the Argentinian side. These cataracts can reach a staggering 1 756 000 liters per second in volume of water, the equivalent of an Olympic pool every two seconds! The height of the falls vary from 40 to 80 meters. The most famous and highest cascade is the Garganta do Diabo (Devil’s throat) which is 700m high.
These cascades are part of the Iguaçu natural park created in 1934 by the initiative of the airplane inventor Santos Dumont. The park is listed as a Natural heritage site by UNESCO and as a reserve of Mata Atlantica, the Tropical Atlantic Forest. The natural park is therefore exceptionally well preserved, providing a perfect landscape for the falls which justifies, without doubt, a stay in this natural wonder.
Iguazu, Iguaçu or Iguassu ?
Should we write Iguazu Falls or the Iguassu Falls ? Whilst surfing the web you will certainly have seen both spellings and you may wonder if it is just a typo or what is going on with all these spellings!?
The answer is simple : language ! The Brazilian’s talk about “Iguaçu” with a ç (cedilha) as written in Portuguese whereas English speaking people usually write “Iguassu.” In Argentina, you will find that they use “Iguazu” with a z as it is a Hispanic country.
Now you can see why, on the Travel Brazil Selection website, we use Iguassu and not Iguazu!