From North to South Brazil,
breath-taking natural scenery

From North to South, Brazilian geography offers a plethora of breathtaking landscapes and natural sites. From the Amazonian plateau to the marshes of Pantanal and the sandy beaches of southern Brazil, Brazilian terrain is alive with variation. The different regions have incredible differences that add to the already ecclectic Brazilian culture.  

North Brazil, covered by the Amazon rainforest


In the North of Brazil flows the Amazon River which extends its bed from west to east, literally cutting the country in half. This region has a warm and humid climate that allows the development of a lush tropical forest extending over several million square kilometers. Considered as the lung of the World, the Amazon rainforest is of paramount importance for the environmental balance of the planet. It alone produces 15% of the fresh water available on Earth. The forest’s capacity to absorb gigantic amounts of CO2 makes it a major player in the fight against global warming. Brazil is implementing many forest conservation actions, allowing the Amazon to continue to be home to a host of endangered species.

At the center is Mato Grosso and to the South lies the economic heartland of Brazil

In central Brazil lies the Mato Grosso region. This marshy area is occupied largely by the Pantanal Natural Park, an ecological sanctuary with unique biodiversity. Paradise for wildlife enthusiasts, Pantanal is an ideal destination for lovers of green tourism.

Southern Brazil is characterized by its economic activity. This zone, which represents 10% of the country’s surface, is home to 40% of the population. Real economic powerhouses, the urban centers of Sao Paulo and Rio are the main attractions of this region.

Swamps from central Brazil to the South coast

Brasilia, the administrative capital of Brazil, is located inland, in the center of the country. The Mato Grosso region is home to the Pantanal Natural Park, a veritable ecological sanctuary where the last jaguars live. As for the South, it contains a priceless natural treasure, the famous Iguaçu Falls and their dizzying waterfalls. The geography of southern Brazil is as unique as it is beautiful.

Aerial view of Iguacu falls.

Explore the page on the regions of Central and South Brazil


Geography of Southern Brazil

Northeast Brazil, one of the most beautiful coastlines in the world

The geography of Northeast Brazil is typically coastal with a particularly warm climate. The region has some of the most beautiful beaches in the world such as Jericoacoara, particularly popular with kite surfers. In Recife, the fifth largest city in Brazil, you will discover a rich heritage of colonial architecture.

A deserted beach in Jericoacoara.

Explore the page devoted to the geography of the “Nordeste”


 Geography of Nordeste

The Amazon, a colossal tropical rainforest in northern Brazil

You cannot discuss Brazil, without discussing the geography of the Amazon.  The immense tropical forest upon which depends the ecological balance of the entire planet. This wide plain is crossed by the Amazon River, the arguably the longest river in the world whose gigantic basin covers nearly 40% of the South American continent.

Swamp and trees on the Amazon.

Explore the page devoted to the geography of the Amazon


Geography of the Amazon